Any university and research reform should comply with the development lines of the European Union (EU) in order to avoid the isolation of Italy from the integration process of the European Research Area (ERA). This means that a strong effort must be made in Italy to align its Research and Development (R&D) strategy to the Lisbon and Barcelona objectives (3% of GDP for R&D, and a corresponding increase in the workforce in research).
On March 11, 2005, the European Commission has adopted a European Charter for Researchers and a Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers. Both documents hinge on the fact that an attractive career in research is a key feature to stimulate economics and employment growth. Italy is not going in this direction: all EU economics and technology indicators clearly depict the continuous loss of competitiveness of our country in all technological sectors, strategic for a modern economy, due to the lack of investments in R&D.
Worldwide, the best paying countries are the US , Brazil , Switzerland, Cyprus , Netherlands , Ireland and Belgium. Denmark pays the highest stipends for PhD candidates across all countries. The last DG Research and Innovation provides a realistic snapshot of how Europe is far from the goals set in the European Charter for Researchers.